Establishing Performance Measures for Federally-Funded Infrastructure Investments

The MIC’s federal planning requirements direct us to establish performance measures (PMs) for safety, pavement and bridge condition, travel time reliability, air quality, and transit asset management.

The intent of these requirements is to demonstrate how federally-funded investments in our area’s transportation system (the projects identified in the Long Range Transportation Plan and programmed in the TIPs) are helping to meet state and national transportation performance targets.

This page reports the performance measure targets adopted for the Superior, Wisconsin side of the MIC planning area, and the annual Superior-Area Transportation Improvement Program provides a status report on the progress made in meeting them.

(Click to view Duluth, Minnesota-area performance measures)

PM1 (Safety)

Adopted: WisDOT’s Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) Performance Measure Targets for 2021

In accordance with federal law, each MPO, including the MIC, must adopt at least five annual safety performance measure targets. They have the option to either use the safety performance measure targets adopted by the state DOT or to develop their own targets.

The MIC passed Resolution 20-12 adopting the five safety performance measure targets set by the State of Wisconsin (WisDOT) for CY 2021, as follows:

  • Number of fatalities (576)
  • Number of serious injuries (2,897.9)
  • Rate of fatalities (0.890 per 100MVMT)
  • Rate of serious injuries (4.482 per 100MVMT)
  • Number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries (350.2)

PM2 (Infrastructure)

Adopted: WisDOT’s 2- and 4-Year Performance Measure Targets for Pavement and Bridge Condition on the National Highway System

All Metropolitan Planning Organizations, including the MIC, must establish performance targets for the first four-year reporting period 2018-2022 for the National Highway System (NHS) pavement condition and for the NHS bridge condition.  They have the option to either use the safety performance measure targets adopted by the state DOT or to develop their own targets.

For the Wisconsin portion of the MIC area, the MIC Board passed Resolution #18-15, adopting WisDOT’s performance measure targets for Infrastructure Condition (PM2), as follows:

Measure 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
Percent of NHS* Bridges in Good Condition 50% 50%
Percent of NHS Bridges in Poor Condition 3% 3%
Percent of Interstate Pavement in Good Condition N/A 45%
Percent of Interstate Pavement in Poor Condition N/A 5%
Percent of Non-Interstate NHS Pavement in Good Condition 20% 20%
Percent of Non-Interstate NHS Pavement in Poor Condition 12% 12%

               *NHS = National Highway System

Click to view more information about Performance Measures 2 and 3 for both MN and WI sides of the MIC area.

PM3 (National Highway System Performance)

Adopted: WisDOT’s 2- and 4-Year Targets for Travel Time Reliability and Freight Travel Time Reliability

All MPOs across the country must establish performance targets for National Highway System (NHS) Performance and Freight Movement on the on the National Highway System (NHS) by November 16, 2018.  They may either (a) adopt their state DOT’s targets or (b) adopt their own, quantifiable 4-year targets.

For the Wisconsin portion of the MIC area, the MIC Board passed Resolution #18-16, adopting WisDOT’s performance measures for System Performance (PM3), as follows:

Measure 2-Year Target 4-Year Target
Percent of Reliable Miles on the Interstate 94% 90%
Percent of Reliable Person Miles on the Non-Interstate NHS N/A 86%
Truck Time Reliability Index 1.4 1.6

                *NHS = National Highway System

Click to view more information about Performance Measures 2 and 3 for both MN and WI sides of the MIC area.

Transit Asset Management (TAM)

Adopted: The DTA’s 4-Year Transit Asset Management (TAM) Targets

In accordance with federal law, each MPO (the MIC) must establish Transit Asset Management targets in conjunction with transit agencies operating within the MPO (the Duluth Transit Authority or DTA).

The MPO and transit provider have the option to either adopt the Transit Asset Management targets adopted by the state or to develop their own targets. The DTA decided to formulate and adopt their own targets, that were approved by the DTA Board of Directors on 8/29/18.  The MIC Policy Board passed Resolution 18-18, adopting those targets for both the Minnesota and Wisconsin sides of the MPO, as follows:

Asset 4-Year Target
Rolling Stock <10% of active Fixed Route vehicles and <20% of Paratransit vehicles have reached their useful life.
Equipment <35% of equipment (i.e. service vehicles) have reached their useful life.
Parking/Pedestrian Facility <10% of parking/pedestrian facilities have a condition rating below 3 based on FTA’s TERM scale.
Administrative/Maintenance Facility <20% of facility elements within the Administrative & Maintenance Facility have a condition rating below 3.

PM1 (Safety) - 2020

MIC-Reso-19-14-Adopting-WisDOT-2020-HSIP-PM-Targets.pdf

10/16/19
For the Wisconsin portion of the MIC area, the MIC Policy Board adopted the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) performance measure targe set by the State of Wisconsin (WisDOT) for CY 2020, as follows:

Measure 2019 Target 2020 Target
Number of Traffic Fatalities 555.7 564.7
Rate of Traffic Fatalities 0.915 per 100 million VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled) 0.888 per 100 million VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled)
Number of Serious Injuries 2,967.6 2,907.0
Rate of Serious Injuries 4.785 per 100 VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled) 4.585 per 100 Million VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled)
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities & Serious Injuries 342.0 344.7

PM1 (Safety) - 2019

MIC-Reso-18-19-Adopting-WisDOT-HSIP-2019-Performance-Measure-Targets.pdf

9/19/18
For the Wisconsin portion of the MIC area, the MIC Policy Board adopted the five safety performance measure targets set by the State of Wisconsin (WisDOT) for CY 2019, as follows:

Measure 2018 Target 2019 Target
Number of Traffic Fatalities 556.1 555.7
Rate of Traffic Fatalities 0.914 per 100 million VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled) 0.915 per 100 million VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled)
Number of Serious Injuries 3,023.9 2,967.6
Rate of Serious Injuries 4.997 per 100 million VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled) 4.785/100 Million VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled)
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities & Serious Injuries 343.3 342.0

PM1 (Safety) - 2018

MIC-Reso-18-05-Adopting-WisDOT-HSIP-Performanc-Measure-Targets.pdf

2/27/18
For the Wisconsin portion of the MIC area, the MIC Policy Board adopted the WisDOT Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) Performance Measure Targets for 2018, as follows:

# of Traffic fatalities = 556.1
Rate of Fatalities = 0.917/100MVMT
# of Serious injuries = 3,023.9
Rate of Serious Injuries = 4.997/100MVMT
# of Non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries = 343.3



MAP-21, signed into law in 2012, mandated that MPOs employ a transportation performance management approach in carrying out their federally-required planning and programming activities.

Long Range Metropolitan Transportation Plans (MTPs) adopted or amended after the following dates must include performance targets for the associated measures:

  • May 27, 2018 – Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) and Highway Safety
  • October 1, 2018 – Transit Asset Management
  • October 1, 2018 – Public Transportation Safety Program
  • May 20, 2019 – Pavement and Bridge Condition
  • May 20, 2019 – System Performance/Freight/Congestion Mitigation & Air Quality Improvement Program

In addition, the MIC’s Superior Area TIP shall include, to the maximum extent practicable, a description of the anticipated effect of the TIP toward achieving the performance targets identified in the metropolitan transportation plan, linking investment priorities to those performance targets.

The MIC has the option to adopt performance measure targets adopted by the state Departments of Transportation (WisDOT) or to develop and adopt their own quantifiable 4-year targets. The MIC has chosen to adopt WisDOT targets.