If programmed in the TIP, it means that some of our highest-priority road, transit, and bicycle/pedestrian projects have been funded and are being designed and/or built, consistent with the transportation vision for our region described in the MIC’s Long Range Transportation Plan.
• Each metropolitan planning organization (MPO) is required to develop a Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)—a comprehensive listing of the area’s federally funded transportation improvements planned for the short range (next 4 years).
• The TIP is developed with the guidance of the MIC’s Transportation Advisory Committee and Policy Board, and prepared in cooperation with MnDOT, local transit providers and area jurisdictions as required by federal surface transportation law (FAST Act).
• The draft TIP is made available for a 30-day public comment period, in July, prior to being presented for approval at the MIC Board meeting in August.
How are TIP projects selected?
All projects must be identified in the MIC’s current 25-year Long Range Transportation Plan in support of the Duluth-Superior area’s goals and transportation system needs. In addition, the MIC evaluates and prioritizes each proposal based on the following criteria:
- Regional Benefit: What are the project’s merits/benefits and intended effect upon the regional transportation network and what are the project’s estimated benefits relative to its cost?
- Mobility: How will the project improve the mobility of people and goods?
- Planning Support: How will the project incorporate the MIC’s Long Range Transportation Plan, other MIC studies and related plans and studies?
- Multimodal Connectivity: How does the project encompass multiple modes of travel?
- Environmental Impacts: Where is the project’s location and what potential environmental and community impacts does it potentially pose?
- Public Participation: What level of public participation has been undertaken or will take place for the proposed project?
Coordination with State and Regional Processes
We work with local communities to determine how our increasingly scarce share of federal transportation dollars are spent. These are the projects solicited, evaluated and approved by the MIC Policy Board, as described in the timeline, below. A simultaneous but separate process is held to program projects throughout the 8-county Arrowhead region by the Northeast Minnesota Area Transportation Partnership (NE MN ATP). All Duluth area transportation projects that are approved and/or amended in the MIC’s TIP must also be listed in MnDOT’s Statewide Transportation Improvement Program to be able to receive federal funds.
TIP Development Timeline
For the Duluth Area TIP, the development process runs from October, when the MIC begins discussions about possible projects with eligible jurisdictions* through August of the following year, when the final TIP is approved by the MIC Policy Board, and October/November, when MnDOT and FHWA approvals are received and the new TIP is adopted.
The TIP development schedule, below, reflects the availability of funds, coordination with MnDOT and the NE MN ATP, local capital improvement budget processes, MPO public involvement requirements and the STIP development process. Important schedule milestones include:
- October: Pre-application meetings to review Long Range Plan with eligible jurisdictions*
- Nov/Dec: MIC staff distributes project applications to eligible jurisdictions*
- January: Project applications received.
- February: Project applications are put forward for public review and comment.
- March: MIC staff reviews and scores projects according to evaluation criteria and presents them to the TAC to be scored and ranked according to priority. The TAC scores the projects and staff presents the projects and the TAC scores to the MIC Policy Board for their review and approval.
- Apr/May: Project applications as prioritized by the MIC Policy Board are forwarded to the Northeast Minnesota Area Transportation Partnership (NE MN ATP) for funding consideration within the investment guidelines for that project year.
- May/Jun: Draft TIP produced and released for public comment.
- July: Public participation initiatives to encourage public review and comment.
- August: Final TIP presented for approval by MIC Policy Board.*
- September: Final TIP and Board Resolution submitted to MnDOT
- October/November: Federal review and approval – Duluth-Area TIP Adopted
- December: Incorporation into next year’s draft STIP by MnDOT
- January: Approved by reference in the federally approved STIP
*Eligible agencies and jurisdictions include the state of Minnesota (MnDOT), St. Louis County, cities with a population over 5,000 (Duluth and Hermantown), the Duluth Seaway Port Authority and the Duluth Transit Authority (DTA).
Projects may be amended into the current, approved TIP throughout the year. Amendments usually modify existing projects as changes to the scope, cost or timeline for programmed projects occur. Sometimes new projects may be added if new funding becomes available. The formal processes for developing and amending a TIP are specified in the MIC’s Public Involvement Plan.
MAP-21 and FAST ACT require incorporation of Performance-Based Planning and Programming (PBPP) for use in the development of the MPO’s Transportation Improvement Plans.
The TIP includes a description of the anticipated effect of the TIP toward achieving the 23 C.F.R. 490 performance measure targets identified in the metropolitan transportation plan, linking investment priorities to those performance targets.
Public participation is an integral part of transportation planning. See the “Public Involvement” tab for information about the project selection process, proposed changes (amendments and modifications) to the approved project list and opportunities for public comment.